The first amendment of the US constitution is the amendment that spells out the basic freedoms of citizens and inhabitants of the United States of America and separates state from church.
The amendment grants the freedom to practice religion but prohibits congress from making laws that recognize any religion. It also accords the people the freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and freedom to petition the authorities to seek redress to their concerns.
The first amendment is the first of 10 amendments to the United States constitution that form the Bill of Rights.
Year of adoption: 1791
First amendment (Full Text)
“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”